April 29, 2008

Cheyenne WY Extends Rabies Vaccine Interval to 3 Years

The e-mail below, shared with permission from the recipient, from the President of the Cheyenne City Council, Don Pierson, was received 4/29/08 by the lead activist in Wyoming, Karon Volk:

"Hello Mrs. Volk: Just a follow up to let you know that the Mayor and I are working together and have instructed the city attorney to prepare an ordinance or a resolution to take care of the 1 year vs 3 year problem. All the research I have found says that to require our city residents to get the vaccination for their pets every year is unnecessary.I will let you know when it will be ready for introduction and would hope that you would like to attend our meetings and testify about the situation. Let me know if there is anything else I can do at this time about this situation. Thanks for all your info you provided and your concern."

Once again, you are helping to bring about great changes for dogs with your active participation on rabies laws -- THANK YOU!!!
Regards, Kris Christine

April 27, 2008

2008 Report on Rabies Vaccine Adverse Reactions in Dogs

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The Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association has just
published a report in its April 1, 2008 issue, Vol. 232, No. 7,
entitled:

"Postmarketing Surveillance of Rabies Vaccines for Dogs to Evaluate
Safety and Efficacy."

Despite the extreme under-reporting of vaccinal adverse reactions,
this report states on the second page that between April 1, 2004 and
March 31, 2007, the Center for Veterinary Biologics, "nearly 10,000
adverse event reports (all animal species) were received by
manufacturers of rabies vaccines.... ......Approximat ely 65% of the
manufacturer' s reports, involved dogs."

The report further states on the second page that: "Rabies vaccines
are the most common group of biological products identified in
adverse event reports received by the CVB," and they give the
following description of the adverse reaction followed by the % of
dogs affected: Vomiting-28. 1%, Facial Swelling-26. 3%, Injection Site
Swelling or Lump-19.4%, Lethargy-12% , Urticaria-10. 1%, Circulatory
shock-8.3%, Injection site pain-7.4%, Pruritus-7.4% , Injection site
alopecia or hair loss-6.9%, Death-5.5%, Lack of Consciousness- 5.5,
Diarrhea-4.6% , Hypersensitivity (not specified)-4. 6%, Fever-4.1%,
Anaphylaxis- 2.8%, Ataxia-2.8%, Lameness-2.8% , General signs of pain-
2.3%, Hyperactivity- 2.3%, Injection site scab or crust-2.3%, Muscle
tremor-2.3%, Tachycardia- 2.3%, and Thrombocytopenia- 2.3%.

Veterinarians are not required by law to report adverse reactions to
vaccines, to which the World Small Animal Veterinary Association
stated in their 2007 Vaccine Guidelines that there is: "gross under-
reporting of vaccine-associated adverse events which impedes
knowledge of the ongoing safety of these products,"

And in an article entitled, A New Approach to Reporting Medication
and Device Adverse Effects and Product Problems, (JAMA - June 2,
1993. Vol.269, No.21. p.2785) Dr. David Kessler, former head of the
Food & Drug Administration, reported that "only about 1% of serious
events are reported to the FDA."

In light of the 10,000 adverse reactions to the rabies vaccine in the
JAVMA report, 65% of which were in dogs, the estimated 1% reporting
of "serious" events by the former head of the FDA means that the
actual number of dogs that had adverse reactions to the vaccine would
be more like 650,000!!!!!

World Small Animal Veterinary Association 2007 Vaccine Guidelines
http://www.wsava. org/SAC.htm Scroll down to Vaccine Guidelines 2007
(PDF)

A New Approach to Reporting Medication and Device Adverse Effects and
Product Problems
http://www.vaccinat ionnews.com/ Adverse_Reaction s/VAERS/credible _estima
tes.htm Scroll down to David Kessler statement in JAMA - June 2,
1993,vol.269, No.21, p.2785

April 14, 2008

Update: Wyoming's Rabies Laws

To update you on efforts to change Wyoming's rabies laws, on Saturday April 12, 2008, an article entitled Changes to vaccine ordinance unlikely published in the Wyoming News. ]http://www.wyomingnews.com/articles/2008/04/13/news/19local_04-13-08.txt

Below is a copy of a letter to the editor sent to the paper this morning.

What You Can Do To Help
1.) Contact Cheyenne Mayor Jack Spiker mayor@cheyennecity.org Phone: (307) 637-6200; Fax: (307)637-6378

2.) Leave a comment on the newspaper article at http://www.wyomingnews.com/articles/2008/04/13/news/19local_04-13-08.txt

3.) Write a letter to the editor of the Wyoming News (Scott Smith) ssmith@wyomingnews.com Fax: 307-633-3189

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April 14, 2008


To the Editor:


There are a number of issues in the April 12, 2008 article entitled Changes to Vaccine Ordinance Unlikely that need to be addressed.


The state veterinarian, Dr. Walter Cook, seems to be unaware that the national organization of which he is supposed to be a member, the Center for Disease Control’s CDC, National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians (NASPHV), currently recommends a 3 year rabies vaccination protocol in their 2008 Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control and has done so since at least 2001. The American Veterinary Medical Association also endorses the NASPHV’s 3 year rabies immunization protocol.



Contrary to Dr. Cook’s statement, veterinarians are not required to report adverse reactions to vaccines and the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) stated in 2007 there is gross under-reporting of vaccine-associated adverse events which impedes knowledge of the ongoing safety of these products.” In an article entitled, A New Approach to Reporting Medication and Device Adverse Effects and Product Problems, (JAMA - June 2, 1993. Vol.269, No.21) Dr. David Kessler, former head of the Food & Drug Administration, reported that "only about 1% of serious events are reported to the FDA."


Studies demonstrating long-term (more than 3 years) duration of immunity for the canine rabies vaccine have already been published. In 1992, a French research team led by Michel Aubert published the results of a rabies challenge study in Scientific Technical Review (Rev. sci.tech. Off. int. Epiz.) 1992, 11 (3), 735-760 in which they demonstrated that dogs were immune to a rabies challenge 5 years after vaccination. The serological studies of Dr. Ronald Schultz of the University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine showed that dogs had antibody titers counts at levels known to confer immunity to rabies 7 years after vaccination, the results of which have been incorporated into the 2003, 2006 American Animal Hospital Association’s Canine Vaccine Guidelines as well as WSAVA’s 2007 Vaccine Guidelines.


Because the rabies vaccine is the most potent of the veterinary vaccines and associated with significant adverse reactions, it should not be given more often than is necessary to maintain immunity. Adverse reactions such as autoimmune diseases affecting the thyroid, joints, blood, eyes, skin, kidney, liver, bowel and central nervous system; anaphylactic shock; aggression; seizures; epilepsy; and fibrosarcomas at injection sites are linked to rabies vaccinations.


Rabies is a “killed” vaccine and contains adjuvants to enhance the immunological response. Mercury (Thimersol) is commonly found as a preservative in killed, adjuvanted veterinary vaccines such as Rabies, Leptospira, and Lyme. The combination of mercury with adjuvant components (aluminum hydroxide, aluminum phosphate) are of considerable concern because of the reactive properties of aluminum, when in contact with mercury. Reactivity with aluminum is so acute that mercury may not be packed in checked or carry-on baggage on commercial airplanes, and there is currently a petition to Congress Petition to Congress, Removal of Aluminum Additive in Vaccines Resolution and Petition, citing as cause for removing aluminum in human vaccines that: "The combination of mercury plus aluminum is far worse than the sum of the two toxicities added together. The synergistic toxicity could be increased to unknown levels."


In 1999, the World Health Organization " classified veterinary vaccine adjuvants as Class III/IV carcinogens with Class IV being the highest risk," and the results of a study published in the August 2003 Journal of Veterinary Medicine documenting fibrosarcomas at the presumed injection sites of rabies vaccines stated, In both dogs and cats, the development of necrotizing panniculitis at sites of rabies vaccine administration was first observed by Hendrick & Dunagan (1992).” According to the 2003 American Animal Hospital Association’s Canine Vaccine Guidelines, "...killed vaccines are much more likely to cause hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., immune-mediated disease)."


A clarification on the Postmarketing Surveillance of Rabies Vaccines for Dogs to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy referenced in the story. Only the 246 adverse reactions to the rabies vaccine reported directly to the Center for Veterinary Biologics by the public, veterinarians, and pet owners had 72% of the dogs receiving other vaccines or drugs at the same time as the rabies shot. That is not stated to be the case further on in the report where they discuss the 10,000 adverse reactions reported by the rabies vaccine manufacturers, 65% of which were in dogs.


If the 6,500 of canine adverse rabies vaccine reactions reported by the vaccine manufacturers represents "only about 1% of serious events are reported to the FDA,” then that would translate into 650,000 if all reactions were reported.


Cheyenne Mayor Jack Spiker and State Public Health Veterinarian, Dr. Cook, should be guided by the recommendations of the CDC’s National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians and the American Veterinary Medical Association to determine the state’s and city’s rabies immunization protocols rather than seeking the advice of local animal shelters and veterinary practitioners to determine appropriate protocols.


Kris L. Christine

Founder, Co-Trustee

THE RABIES CHALLENGE FUND

www.RabiesChallengeFund.org